Multilateralism, unilateralism, and legitimacy to intervene

Autores

  • Vítor Ramon Fernandes Professor Auxiliar da Universidade Lusíada de Lisboa

Resumo

O artigo apresenta uma análise sobre intervenção humanitária e a doutrina da Responsabilidade de Proteger em termos dos principais argumentos em redor da controvérsia das intervenções militares unilaterais versus multilaterais. Partindo da literatura que aborda este debate, o presente artigo identifica os principais elementos que dão suporte à ideia de que, apesar de existirem boas razões para legitimar intervenções unilaterais em casos muito específicos, esse tipo de intervenções deve manter-se excepcional. O argumento principal é o de que as intervenções multilaterais são a melhor opção para, simultaneamente, acautelar a necessidade de proteger populações ameaçadas por atrocidades e preservar a paz e a segurança internacionais. As autorizações multilaterais reduzem o risco de surgirem e escalarem conflitos entre Estados, em particular entre as maiores potências. Para além disso, reduzem a possibilidade de o ‘argumento humanitário’ ser utilizado para intervir com agendas diferentes e em benefício próprio. Depois, reduzem também os riscos de intervenção humanitária abusiva. Adicionalmente, fomentam mais colaboração para a necessidade de acautelar situações pós-conflito e processos de construção da paz com sucesso. E, para terminar, promovem a disseminação de normas relativas a direitos humanos de forma mais eficiente, muito particularmente, entre Estados não-liberais.

Palavras-chave:

Intervenção humanitária, Responsibilidade de proteger, Multilateralismo, Unilateralismo, CSNU

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Publicado

2017-09-08

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Fernandes, V. R. (2017). Multilateralism, unilateralism, and legitimacy to intervene. Lusíada. Política Internacional E Segurança, (13-14), 113–132. Obtido de http://revistas.lis.ulusiada.pt/index.php/lpis/article/view/2435

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