Towards an Asian-Pacific or Atlantic Century?

Autores

  • Ana Luísa Pinto
  • Miguel Fonseca
  • Rui Henrique Alves

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34628/8k5b-8d07

Resumo

Este artigo pretende estudar se o século XXI será do Atlântico ou da Asia-Pacifico. A literatura tem vindo a estudar a transformação ocorrida na economia mundial, motivada pelo impressionante crescimento económico dos países asiáticos nos últimos anos. Uma vez que a investigação se tem focado na perspetiva do Ocidente vs. Ásia, o nosso principal contributo é apresentar uma perspetiva diferente, onde comparamos o Atlântico com a Ásia-Pacífico, com vista a descobrir os principais atributos de cada região.

Assim sendo, após uma breve revisão da literatura, recorremos a uma análise quantitativa para descrever a evolução no período de 1990-2018, utilizando proxies para as duas regiões consideradas, baseando-nos sobretudo em indicadores económicos, embora recorrendo igualmente a indicadores políticos.

A partir de uma análise das forças e fraquezas de cada região, conclui-se que o Atlântico, ainda que incluindo as economias emergentes do Sul, está a perder a sua centralidade económica. No entanto, um século da Asia-Pacífico é ainda incerto, ainda que mais provável que do Atlântico. Apesar de ser a principal região económica, de constituir o maior recetor de IDE e investidor no exterior, tal como um parceiro crescentemente relevante no comércio mundial de mercadorias, a Ásia-Pacífico enfrenta alguns desafios em termos de soft power, da influência na liderança global e do nível de desenvolvimento humano.

Palavras-chave:

Século do Atlântico, Século da Ásia, Mudança económica, Economia mundial, Política

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Publicado

24-08-2021

Como Citar

Pinto, A. L., Fonseca, M., & Alves, R. H. (2021). Towards an Asian-Pacific or Atlantic Century?. Lusíada. Economia E Empresa, (29), 43–73. https://doi.org/10.34628/8k5b-8d07

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